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Table of contents

Click Here for 2008 Report by Friends of the Earth into Pesticide Pollution in Victorian Water supplies 1996-2007.

What pesticides water authorities test for in Victoria
Positive Pesticide Results in Victorian Water Supplies 1998-2007
Australian Drinking Water Guidelines
Past Studies

What pesticides water authorities test for in Victoria.

(accumulated by FoI between the years 2006/7).

Red means a positive sample

  Barwon Water (info sourced 17/9/07) Central Highlands Water (sourced 7/12/07). Annual testing City West Water - See Melbourne Water (info sourced 22/10/07, Same as South East Water & Yarra Valley Water) Coliban Water (info sourced 23/11/07) East Gippsland Water Gippsland Water (info sourced 22/7/06) Gippsland & Southern Rural Water (info sourced 11/10/06)
2-Chlorophenoxy acetic acid              
4- Chlorophenoxy acetic acid Yes            
2,4-D

Yes 12/5/03 34ug/L Wurdee Boluc. 19/8/03 27ug/L Wurdee Boluc. 5/8/03 30ug/L Stony Creek Res. 2007 2ug/L Gellibrand+Aireys Inlet

Yes   Yes Yes from 1996 to 2003    
2,4-D Amine              
2,4-DB Yes            
2,4-DP Yes            
2,4,5-T Yes            
2,4,5-TP Yes            
2,4,6-T Yes            
2,6-D Yes            
4,4-DDD Yes            
4,4-DDE Yes            
4,4-DDT Yes       Yes from 1996 to 2003    
Acrolein             Yes. Highest readings 9/11/05 6560ug/L
Aldrin Yes Yes   Yes Yes from 1996 to 2003    
Ametryne              
Amitrole              
Atrazine Yes Yes          
Azinphos-methyl              
BHC (a) Yes            
BHC (b) Yes            
BHC (d) Yes            
Bifenthrin              
Bolstar              
Bromofos Ethyl           9/3/05 only  
Carbofenthion              
Chlofenvinphos Yes            
Cis-Chlordane Yes       Yes from 1996 to 2003    
Chlordane   Yes   Yes      
Chlordane (trans) Yes       Yes from 1996 to 2003    
Chlorfenvinphos (E)              
Chlorfenvinphos (Z)              
Chlorothalonil Yes            
Chlorpyrifos Yes         9/3/05 only  
Chlorpyrifos Methyl              
Clopyralid Yes            
Coumphanos Yes            
Cypermethrins              
DDD              
DDE              
DDT   Yes   Yes      
Demeton-O              
Demeton-S Yes            
Diazinon Yes         9/3/05 only  
Dicamba Yes            
Dichloroprop              
Dichlorvos Yes         9/3/05 only  
Dieldrin Yes 28/10/99 0.03ug/L Highton Yes   Yes Yes from 1996 to 2003    
Dimethoate              
Dinoseb              
Diquat Yes            
Disulfoton              
Diuron Yes            
Endosulfan Yes            
Endosulfan I Yes            
Endosulfan II Yes            
Endosulfan Sulphate Yes            
Endrin Yes            
Endrin Aldehyde Yes            
Endrin ketone              
EPN Yes            
Esfenvalerate              
Ethion           9/3/05 only  
Ethoprop              
Fenamiphos              
Fenitrothion           9/3/05 only  
Fensulphothion Yes            
Fenthion Yes            
Glyphosate Yes Used in pine plantations owned by CHW (with metsulfuron methyl) for under canopy weed control         Yes
Heptachlor Yes Yes   Yes Yes from 1996 to 2003    
Heptachlor Epoxide Yes Yes     Yes from 1996 to 2003    
Hexachlorobenzene Yes Yes          
Hexazinone Yes Between December 04 to July 07 consistent readings from Korweinguboora Plantation managed by Hancock Plantations. (highest reading 4/3/05) 9.4ug/L

Used in pine plantations owned by CHW for plantation establishment. Velmac DF 5kg/ha.

Used in pine plantations 2nd year establishment. Velmac G 2.6kg/ha

      Positive samples reported by Hancock Plantations 11/10/99 15ug/L Lecki, 27/9/99 5ug/L Lecki  
Lindane Yes Yes     Yes from 1996 to 2003    
Lindane (BHC-gamma)              
Malathion Yes         9/3/05 only  
Mancozeb Yes            
MCBP Yes            
MCPA Yes            
MCPB              
MCPP              
Mecoprop Yes            
Merphos              
Methidathion           9/3/05 only  
Methomyl              
Methoxychlor Yes Yes     Yes from 1996 to 2003    
Methyl azinphos              
Methyl Parathion Yes            
Metirlam Yes            
Mevinphos              
Molinate Yes            
Monocrotophos Yes            
Naled              
Omethoate              
Paraquat Yes            
Parathion Yes            
Parathion Ethyl              
Parathion Methyl              
Pendimethalin              
Pentachlorophenol              
Pherate Yes            
Phorate Yes            
Picloram Yes            
Pirimicarb Yes            
Pirimiphos ethyl              
Propachlor Yes            
Prophos Yes            
Propiconazole Yes            
Prothiophos              
Qunitozene Yes            
Ronnel Yes            
Simazine         Tested for June & August 2002 Rocky River (Orbost). 0.2ug/L 7 Aug 2002    
Tau-fluvalinate              
Temephos Yes            
Tetrachlorvinphos Yes            
Tetraethyldithiopyrphos Yes            
Thiodicarb              
Toxophene              
Trichlopyr Yes            
Trichlorinate Yes            
Trifluralin              
Tukuthion Yes            
Epoxide & Gamma HCH       Yes      

 

 

Goulburn Murray Water (info sourced 1/10/07)

Goulburn Valley Water (info sourced 1/12/06)

Grampians & Wimmera Mallee Water (info sourced 8/10/07)

Lower Murray Water (info sourced 21/12/07)

plus Maldison. Organochlorines also tested for since 1995

Melbourne Water (info sourced 2/2/07) North East Water (info sourced 11/11/07) South East Water - See Melbourne Water (same as Yarra Valley Water & City West Water)
2-Chlorophenoxy acetic acid              
4- Chlorophenoxy acetic acid Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
2,4-D Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) , Goulburn Murray Water Broken Creek Study 2003-06 Goulburn Murray Water Audit 2005. Highest Reading 2110ug/L 12/5/06 Yes 22/6/05 17ug/L Numurkah     Yes

Until 2004

Jan 2008

 
2,4-D Amine Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998/9) , Goulburn Murray Water Audit 2005            
2,4-DB Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
2,4-DP Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
2,4,5-T Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
2,4,5-TP Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
2,4,6-T Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
2,6-D Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
4,4-DDD Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes Yes     Jan 2008  
4,4-DDE Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes Yes     Jan 2008  
4,4-DDT Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes Yes    

Until 2004

Jan 2008

 
Acrolein

Yes

Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)

           
Aldrin Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes Yes   Yes 7/2/00 0.02ug/L Kallista

Until 2004

Jan 2008

 
Ametryne Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Amitrole Goulburn Murray Water Audit 2005. Highest Reading 29ug/L 30/4/06            
AMPA Goulburn Murray Water Audit 2005. Highest Reading 830ppb Ardmona 12/4/06            
Atrazine Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) , Goulburn Murray Water Channels/Drains 2004-06. Numerous positive readings. Highest Dec 05 0.056ug/L    

Yes tested for since May 2006.

May 2006 Atrazine detected at 0.03ug/L, Red Cliffs, Mildura & Piangil

Yes (since 6/2/06) Jan 2008  
Azinphos-methyl Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) , Goulburn Murray Water Channels 2004-06            
BHC (a) Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
BHC (b) Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
BHC (d) Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Bifenthrin Goulburn Murray Water Channels/Drains 2004-06. Oct 05 100ug/L Kerang            
Bolstar Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Bromofos Ethyl Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Carbofenthion Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Chlofenvinphos Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Cis-Chlordane Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes      

Until 2004

Jan 2008

 
Chlordane         Yes    
Chlordane (trans) Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes      

Until 2004

Jan 2008

 
Chlorfenvinphos (E) Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Chlorfenvinphos (Z) Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Chlorothalonil Goulburn Murray Water Channels 2004-06     Yes since May 2006      
Chlorpyrifos Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) , Goulburn Murray Water Channels/Drains 2004-06 Numerous positive readings. Highest 0.089ug/L Katamatite Jan 06 Yes   Yes since May 2006   Jan 2008  
Chlorpyrifos Methyl Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Clopyralid              
Coumphanos Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Cypermethrins Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
DDD Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
DDE Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
DDT Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)       Yes    
Demeton-O Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Demeton-S Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Diazinon Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Dicamba Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Dichloroprop Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Dichlorvos Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Dieldrin Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes Yes   Yes

Until 2004

Jan 2008

 
Dimethoate Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Dinoseb Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Diquat              
Disulfoton Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Diuron Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)     Yes since May 2006      
Endosulfan Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) , Goulburn Murray Water Channels/Drains 2004-06. Numerous positive readings. Highest Sep 05 0.0024ug/L Rochester            
Endosulfan I Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Endosulfan II Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Endosulfan Sulphate Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Endrin Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Endrin Aldehyde Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Endrin ketone Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
EPN Yes       Jan 2008  
Esfenvalerate Goulburn Murray Water Channels/Drains 2004-06. Oct 05 65ug/L Kerang            
Ethion Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Ethoprop Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Fenamiphos Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002)            
Fenitrothion              
Fensulphothion Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Fenthion Goulburn Murray Water (sediment Study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Glyphosate Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002), Goulburn Murray Water Audit 2005 Highest Reading 10500ug/L Ardmona 12/4/06. Goulburn Murray Water Murray River 2005-06 45ug/L 21/6/06, Goulburn Murray Water Broken Creek 2003-06 Highest Reading 160ug/L 9/5/06, Goulburn Murray Water Goulburn Weir Yes Used by GWM Water to control weeds in channels.     Jan 2008  
Heptachlor Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002) Yes 18/10/00 0.02ug/L Katamatite     Yes 7/2/00 0.013ug/L Kallista

Until 2004

Jan 2008

 
Heptachlor Epoxide Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002) Yes Yes   Yes

Until 2004

Jan 2008

 
Hexachlorobenzene Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002)

Yes 13/9/00 0.004ug/L Violet Town. 12/7/00 0.003ug/L Picola. 2/8/00 1ug/L Katunga. 9/2/05 0.002ug/L Shepparton

Yes    

Until 2004

Jan 2008

 
Hexazinone           Event Based process since 2006  
Lindane   Yes Yes   Yes 7/2/00 0.02ug/L Kallista Jan 2008  
Lindane (BHC-gamma) Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002)            
Malathion Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Mancozeb              
MCBP              
MCPA Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002)            
MCPB Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002)            
MCPP Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-1999)            
Mecoprop Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002)            
Merphos Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-1999)            
Methidathion              
Methomyl       Yes since May 2006      
Methoxychlor Goulburn Murray Water Channels 2004-06 Yes      

Until 2004

Jan 2008

 
Methyl azinphos Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 2001)            
Methyl Parathion   Yes          
Metirlam              
Mevinphos Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-1999)            
Molinate Goulburn Murray Water Channels 2004-06     Yes since May 2006      
Monocrotophos Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Naled Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-1999)            
Omethoate Goulburn Murray Water Channels 2004-06            
Paraquat              
Parathion Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002) Yes       Jan 2008  
Parathion Ethyl Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002)            
Parathion Methyl Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002) Goulburn Murray Water Channels 2004-06         Jan 2008  
Pendimethalin Goulburn Murray Water Channels 2004-06            
Pentachlorophenol Yes 5/10/05 1ug/L Sunday Crk Res. 21/12/05 1ug/L Numurkah       Yes  
Pherate Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002)            
Phorate Goulburn Murray Water Channels 2004-06 Yes       Jan 2008  
Picloram              
Pirimicarb              
Pirimiphos ethyl Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2001)            
Propachlor              
Prophos   Yes       Jan 2008  
Propiconazole              
Prothiophos Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002)            
Qunitozene              
Ronnel Yes       Jan 2008  
Simazine Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002)            
Tau-fluvalinate Goulburn Murray Water Channels/Drains 2004-06. Oct 05 75ug/L Kerang            
Temephos            
Tetrachlorvinphos Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-1999) Yes       Jan 2008  
Tetraethyldithiopyrphos   Yes       Jan 2008  
Thiodicarb Goulburn Murray Water Channels 2004-06            
Toxophene Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-1999)            
Trichlopyr Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-2002)            
Trichlorinate Goulburn Murray Water (sediment study 1998-1999) Yes       Jan 2008  
Trifluralin Goulburn Murray Water Channels 2004-06            
Tukuthion   Yes       Jan 2008  

 

  South Gippsland Water (info sourced 23/8/07) Wannon Water (info sourced 1/6/07)

Western Water (info sourced 5/12/07)

Westernport Water (info sourced 3/9/07) Yarra Valley Water - See Melbourne Water (info sourced 26/10/07) Same as City West Water and South East Water    
2-Chlorophenoxy acetic acid       (28/5/02 only)      
4- Chlorophenoxy acetic acid       (28/5/02 only)      
2,4-D Yes   Yes Until 2004      
2,4-D Amine              
2,4-DB              
2,4-DP              
2,4,5-T       (28/5/02 only)      
2,4,5-TP              
2,4,6-T       (28/5/02 only)      
2,6-D       (28/5/02 only)      
4,4-DDD   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
4,4-DDE   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
4,4-DDT   Yes Yes Until 2004      
Acrolein              
Aldrin Yes Yes Yes Until 2004      
Ametryne              
Amitrole              
Atrazine   Up to 2006 (South West Water) Yes        
Azinphos-methyl              
BHC (a)   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
BHC (b)   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
BHC (d)   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Bifenthrin              
Bolstar              
Bromofos Ethyl              
Carbofenthion              
Chlofenvinphos              
Cis-Chlordane Yes (8/3/06) Yes   Until 2004      
Chlordane Yes Up to 2006 (South West Water) Yes        
Chlordane (trans)   Yes   Until 2004      
Chlorfenvinphos (E)              
Chlorfenvinphos (Z)              
Chlorothalonil              
Chlorpyrifos   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Chlorpyrifos Methyl              
Clopyralid   Yes          
Coumphanos   Yes          
Cypermethrins              
DDD   Up to 2006 (South West Water)          
DDE   Up to 2006 (South West Water)          
DDT Yes Up to 2006 (South West Water)          
Demeton-O              
Demeton-S   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Diazinon   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Dicamba       (28/5/02 only)      
Dichloroprop              
Dichlorvos   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Dieldrin Yes Yes Yes Until 2004      
Dimethoate              
Dinoseb              
Diquat              
Disulfoton              
Diuron              
Endosulfan              
Endosulfan I   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Endosulfan II   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Endosulfan Sulphate   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Endrin   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Endrin Aldehyde   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Endrin ketone              
EPN   Yes          
Esfenvalerate              
Ethion   Up to 2006 (South West Water)          
Ethoprop              
Fenamiphos              
Fenitrothion              
Fensulphothion   Yes          
Fenthion   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Glyphosate              
Heptachlor Yes Yes Yes Until 2004      
Heptachlor Epoxide Yes Yes Yes Until 2004      
Hexachlorobenzene Yes Up to 2006 (South West Water) Yes Until 2004      
Hexazinone              
Lindane Yes Yes   Until 2004      
Lindane (BHC-gamma)     Yes        
Malathion   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Mancozeb              
MCBP              
MCPA       (28/5/02 only)      
MCPB              
MCPP       (28/5/02 only)      
Mecoprop              
Merphos              
Methidathion              
Methomyl              
Methoxychlor Yes Yes Yes Until 2004      
Methyl azinphos              
Methyl Parathion   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Metirlam              
Mevinphos   Up to 2006 (South West Water)          
Molinate              
Monocrotophos   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Naled              
Omethoate              
Paraquat              
Parathion   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Parathion Ethyl              
Parathion Methyl              
Pendimethalin              
Pentachlorophenol Yes            
Pherate              
Phorate   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Picloram              
Pirimicarb              
Pirimiphos ethyl              
Propachlor              
Prophos   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Propiconazole              
Prothiophos              
Qunitozene              
Ronnel   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Simazine   Yes (tested 16/11/06 and 2005)          
Tau-fluvalinate              
Temephos              
Tetrachlorvinphos   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Tetraethyldithiopyrphos   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Thiodicarb              
Toxophene              
Trichlopyr              
Trichlorinate   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Trifluralin              
Tukuthion   Yes   (17/5/02 only)      
Propazine   Up to 2006 (South West Water) Benzene, 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1-dichloroethane, tetrachloroethane, trichloroethene        

Prometryn Up to 2006 (South West Water)

Stirofos Up to 2006 (South West Water)

Positive Pesticide Results in Victorian Water Supplies* 1998-2007

A=Atrazine, Al=Aldrin,24D=2,4-D, D=Dieldrin, G=Glyphosate, Hep=Heptachlor, Hex=Hexazinone, Hx=Hexachlorobenzene, L=Lindane, Meth=Methoxychlor, P=Pentachlorophenol, S=Simazine.

*Information based on Freedom of Information requests with various water authorities (2006-7). Based on percentage breakdown in relation to ADWG guideline limits. Other incidents likely to have occurred, but not recorded due either to water authorities not testing for that particular pesticide or FoI records not taking into account information held by regional water boards. Hence this information supplies only a fraction of the potential incidents.

Most Serious Issues Health Value Priority (from various FoIs 2006/7 Uncompleted) *reports of pesticide pollution only reported under Safe Drinking Water Act if pollution exceeds ADWG Health Value

1. 12/5/03 Barwon Water; Wurdee Boluc Raw Water; 2,4-D 34ug/l

2. 19/8/03 Barwon Water Wurdee Boluc Inlet Channel at Wurdee Boluc; 2,4-D 0.027mg/l (27ug/l)

3. 5/8/03 Barwon Water Stony Creek Reservoir #3 (M6/3 Pipeline); 2,4-D 0.02mg/l (20ug/l)

4. 22/6/05: Goulburn Valley Water Broken Creek at Numurkah offtake: 2,4-D: 17 g/L

5. 13/9/00: Goulburn Valley Water Golf Club Shiffner St, Violet Town: Hexachlorobenzene: 0.004 g/L

6. 12/7/00: Goulburn Valley Water 34 Hartwould St, Picola: Hexachlorobenzene: 0.003 g/L

7. 2/8/00: Goulburn Valley Water 6 Bristol St, Katunga: Hexachlorobenzene: 0.003 g/L

8. 5/10/05: Goulburn Valley Water Sunday Creek Reservoir: Pentachlorophenol 2 g/L

9. 8/5/06: Goulburn Murray Water Nathalia Supply Broken Creek (weed control): Glyphosate 160 g/L

10. 9/2/05: Goulburn Valley Water Goulburn River at Shepparton offtake: Hexachlorobenzene: 0.002 g/L

11. January 1994 Colac Water Supply at Olangolah Dam & No 4 Service Basin: DDT: 2g/L. (Data sourced from Physio-Chemical Quality Victorian Domestic Water Supplies (except Melbourne Metropolitan Areas) June 93-June 95. January 1996 Department Conservation & Natural Resources & Community Services).

12. 28/10/99 Barwon Water Highton Basin Pre Disinfection; Dieldrin 0.00003mg/l (0.03ug/l)

13. 8/5/06: Goulburn Murray Water Nathalia Supply Broken Creek (weed control): Glyphosate 85 g/L

14. 21/12/05: Goulburn Valley Water Broken Creek at Numurkah offtake: Pentachlorophenol 1 g/L

15. 17/7/07: Barwon Water, Inlet Channel Salt Creek Lane: Glyphosate 80 g/L.

16. 7/2/00 Melbourne Water Johns Hill Plant (Kallista) Aldrin 0.00002 MG/L (0.02 g/l)

17. 18/10/00: Goulburn Valley Water 3 Hotchin St, Katamatite: Heptachlor: 0.02 g/L Irrigation Channel supplies Katamatite

11/10/99 Gippsland Water Lecki; Hexazinone 15ug/l water supply? (Hancock information)

18. 7/2/00 Melbourne Water Johns Hill Plant (Kallista) Heptachlor 0.000013 mg/l 0.013 g/l

19. 4/3/05 Barwon Water Korweinguboora Hancock site; Hexazinone 9.4ug/l

27/9/99 Gippsland Water Lecki; Hexazinone 5g/l water supply? (Hancock information)

20. Goulburn Murray Water. Murray Valley Irrigation Area (Katamatite) Channel 7/3. Chlorpyrifos (3) jan 06 0.0890g/L

21. 14/3/07 Barwon Water. Gellibrand 2,4-D 0.2ug/l (guideline value 0.0001 mg/l (0.1g/l)

22. 28/3/07 Barwon Water. Airey's Inlet 2,4-D 0.2ug/l

23. 7/3/06 South Gippsland Water. Dumbalk. Methoxychlor 2ug/l

24. 31/1/05 Barwon Water Korweinguboora Outlet; Hexazinone 1.3ug/l

25. 4/6/02 East Gippsland Water. Rocky River (Orbost Water Supply). Simazine 0.2ug/L

26. 7/3/05 Barwon Water Korweinguboora Outlet; Hexazinone 0.86ug/l

27. 7/3/05 Barwon Water Korweinguboora Outlet; Hexazinone 0.67ug/l

28. 7/3/05 Barwon Water Bostok Outlet; Hexazinone 0.58ug/l

29. 7/3/05 Barwon Water Bostok Outlet; Hexazinone 0.56 ug/l

30. 7/3/05 Barwon Water Bostok Outlet; Hexazinone 0.44ug/l

31. 5/2/07 Western Water, Glenfern Park Basin; 2,4-D 0.04ug/L

32. Goulburn Murray Water Murray Valley Irrigation Area (Katamatite) Channel 7/3 Atrazine (3) dec 05 0.056g/L

33. Goulburn Murray Water Torrumbarry Irrigation Area Kerang Town Channel 14/2. Atrazine (13) mar 06 0.050g/L.

34. 31/1/05 Barwon Water Korweinguboora Inlet; Hexazinone 0.37ug/l

35. Goulburn Murray Water Murray Valley Irrigation Area (Katamatite) Channel 7/3 Atrazine (3) feb 06 0.045g/L.

36. 1/12/04 Barwon Water Stony Creek Reservoir #3 (M6/3 Pipeline); Hexazinone 0.32ug/l

37. Goulburn Murray Water Central Goulburn Irrigation Area Tatura Channel 3/5 Atrazine (8) apr 06 0.042g/L

38. Goulburn Murray Water Central Goulburn Irrigation Area Tatura Channel 3/5 Atrazine (8) feb 06 0.041g/L.

39. 7/2/00 Melbourne Water Johns Hill Plant (Kallista) Lindane 0.00002mg/l (0.02 g/l

40. Goulburn Murray Water Central Goulburn Irrigation Area Tatura Channel 3/5 Atrazine (8) jan 06 0.040g/L.

41. Goulburn Murray Water Central Goulburn Irrigation Area Tatura Channel 3/5 Atrazine (8) mar 06 0.040g/L.

42. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Atrazine (10) mar 06 0.039g/L.

43. Goulburn Murray Water Murray Valley Irrigation Area (Katamatite) Channel 7/3 Atrazine (3) jan 06 0.038g/L.

44. Goulburn Murray Water Torrumbarry Irrigation Area Kerang Town Channel 14/2. Atrazine (13) jan 06 04 0.038g/L.

45. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Atrazine (10) apr 06 0.036g/L.

46. Goulburn Murray Water Torrumbarry Irrigation Area Kerang Town Channel 14/2. Atrazine (13) sep 05 0.035g/L.

47. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Atrazine (11) apr 04 0.033g/L.

48. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Atrazine (11) mar 05 0.032g/L.

49. 7/3/05 Barwon Water Stony Creek Reservoir #3 (M6/3 Pipeline); Hexazinone 0.24ug/l

50. Goulburn Murray Water Murray Valley Irrigation Area (Katamatite) Channel 7/3 Atrazine (3) oct 05 0.031g/L.

51. Goulburn Murray Water Torrumbarry Irrigation Area Kerang Town Channel 14/2. Atrazine (13) feb 06 0.031g/L

52. May 2006 Lower Murray Water Red Cliffs Supply Atrazine 0.03ug/L.

53. May 2006 Lower Murray Water Mildura Supply Atrazine 0.03ug/L

54. May 2006 Lower Murray Water Piangil Supply Atrazine 0.03ug/L

55. Goulburn Murray Water Murray Valley Irrigation Area (Katamatite) Channel 7/3 Atrazine (3) nov 05 0.030g/L.

56. Goulburn Murray Water Murray Murray Valley Irrigation Area (Katamatite) Channel 7/3 Atrazine (3) mar 05 0.030g/L.

57. 31/1/05 Barwon Water Stony Creek Reservoir #3 (M6/3 Pipeline); Hexazinone 0.22ug/l

58. 7/3/05 Barwon Water Stony Creek Reservoir #3 (M6/3 Pipeline); Hexazinone 0.22ug/l

59. 31/1/05 Barwon Water Upper Stony Creek Reservoir #3; Hexazinone 0.21ug/l

60. Goulburn Murray Water Torrumbarry Irrigation Area Kerang Town Channel 14/2. Atrazine (13) apr 04 0.028g/L.

61. 5/2/07 Western Water Kerrie Reservoir, 2,4-D 0.02ug/L

62. 7/3/05 Barwon Water Korweinguboora Outlet; Hexazinone 0.2ug/l

63. 9/11/06 Barwon Water, Moorabool WTP Combined Pre Treatment Hexazinone 0.2ug/l

64. 4/1/06 Barwon Water Stony Creek Reservoir #3 (M6/3 Pipeline); Hexazinone 0.2ug/l

65. 7/2/06 Barwon Water Stony Creek Reservoir #3 (M6/3 Pipeline); Hexazinone 0.2ug/l

66. 4/3/05 Barwon Water Bannockburn Basin Hexazinone 0.19ug/l (guideline value 0.002mg/l (2g/l)

67. 3/5/06 Barwon Water Stony Creek Reservoir #3 (M6/3 Pipeline); Hexazinone 0.19ug/l

68. Goulburn Murray Water Central Goulburn Irrigation Area Tatura Channel 3/5 Atrazine (8) dec 05 0.025g/L.

69. 31/1/05 Barwon Water Upper Stony Creek Reservoir #2; Hexazinone 0.18ug/l

70. 5/4/06 Barwon Water Stony Creek Reservoir #3 (M6/3 Pipeline); Hexazinone 0.18ug/l

71. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Atrazine (10) oct 05 0.024g/L.

72. 3/5/06 Barwon Water Moorabool Combined Pre Treatment; Hexazinone 0.17ug/l

73. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Atrazine (11) oct 05 0.022g/L.

74. Goulburn Murray Water Torrumbarry Irrigation Area Kerang Town Channel 14/2. Atrazine (13) nov 05 0.022g/L

75. 7/3/06 Barwon Water Stony Creek Reservoir #3 (M6/3 Pipeline); Hexazinone 0.16ug/l

76. 7/3/05 Barwon Water Upper Stony Creek Reservoir #2; Hexazinone 0.15ug/l

77. 7/3/05 Barwon Water Upper Stony Creek Reservoir #2; Hexazinone 0.15ug/l

78. 15/12/06 Barwon Water, Moorabool WTP Combined Pre Treatment Hexazinone 0.15 ug/l

79. Goulburn Murray Water Central Goulburn Irrigation Area Tatura Channel 3/5 Atrazine (8) apr 05 0.02g/L.

80. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Atrazine (10) feb 06 0.020g/L.

81. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Atrazine (11) mar 05 0.018g/L.

82. Goulburn Murray Water Murray Valley Irrigation Area (Katamatite) Channel 7/3 Atrazine (3) sep 05 0.017g/L.

83. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Atrazine (10) sep 05 0.017g/L.

84. 7/2/07 Barwon Water, Moorabool WTP Combined Pre Treatment Hexazinone 0.13 ug/l

85. 5/4/06 Barwon Water Moorabool Combined Pre Treatment; Hexazinone 0.12ug/l

86. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Atrazine (11) sep 05 0.016g/L.

87. 7/6/06 Barwon Water Moorabool Combined Pre Treatment; Hexazinone 0.11ug/l

88. 8/8/06 Barwon Water, Moorabool WTP Combined Pre Treatment Hexazinone 0.11 ug/l

89. 7/3/07 Barwon Water, Moorabool WTP Combined Pre Treatment Hexazinone 0.11 ug/l

90. 3/5/07 Barwon Water, Moorabool WTP Combined Pre Treatment Hexazinone 0.11 ug/l

91. 4/3/05 Barwon Water Montpellier Basin #4; Hexazinone 0.1ug/l

92. 7/3/05 Barwon Water East Moorabool River Hexazinone 0.086ug/l

93. 7/6/06 Barwon Water Stony Creek Reservoir #3 (M6/3 Pipeline); Hexazinone 0.084ug/l

94. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Atrazine (10) mar 05 0.011g/L.

95. 31/1/05 Barwon Water Bungal Creek at Crossing on Slocombe Track; Hexazinone 0.082ug/l

96. 5/10/06 Barwon Water, Moorabool WTP Combined Pre Treatment Hexazinone 0.082 ug/l

97. Goulburn Murray Water Central Goulburn Irrigation Area Tatura Channel 3/5 Atrazine (8) jan 05 0.01g/L.

98. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Atrazine (11) oct 04 0.01g/L.

99. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Atrazine (11) nov 04 0.01g/L.

100. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Atrazine (11) dec 04 0.01g/L.

101. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Atrazine (11) feb 05 0.01g/L.

102. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Atrazine (11) apr 05 0.01g/L.

103. Goulburn Murray Water Torrumbarry Irrigation Area Kerang Town Channel 14/2. Atrazine (13) dec 04 0.01g/L.

104. 4/1/06 Barwon Water Moorabool Combined Pre Treatment; Hexazinone 0.071ug/l

105. 4/7/07 Barwon Water, Moorabool WTP Combined Pre Treatment Hexazinone 0.06 ug/l

106. 7/3/06 Barwon Water Moorabool Combined Pre Treatment; Hexazinone 0.058ug/l

107. 7/3/05 Barwon Water Korweinguboora Inlet; Hexazinone 0.051ug/l

108. 7/3/05 Barwon Water Bungal Creek at Crossing on Slocombe Track; Hexazinone 0.047ug/l

109. 15/12/06 Barwon Water, Moorabool WTP Combined Pre Treatment Hexazinone 0.032 ug/l

110. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Endosulfan (10) dec 04 0.0027g/L

111. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Endosulfan (10) sep 05 0.0024g/L

112. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Endosulfan (10) nov 05 0.0023g/L

113. Goulburn Murray Water Central Goulburn Irrigation Area Tatura Channel 3/5 Endosulfan (8) nov 05 0.0020g/L

114. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Endosulfan (10) jan 05 0.0020g/L

115. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Endosulfan (10) oct 04 0.0017g/L

116. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Endosulfan (10) dec 05 0.0017g/L

117. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Endosulfan (11) jan 05 0.0017g/L

118. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Endosulfan (10) nov 04 0.0015g/L

119. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Endosulfan (10) feb 05 0.0015g/L

120. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Endosulfan (10) mar 05 0.0015g/L

121. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Endosulfan (10) apr 05 0.0015g/L

122. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Endosulfan (10) jan 06 0.0015g/L

123. Goulburn Murray Water Rochester-Campaspe Irrigation Area Corop Rochester Channel 1 Endosulfan (10) feb 06 0.0015g/L

124. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Endosulfan (11) oct 04 0.0015g/L

125. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Endosulfan (11) nov 04 0.0015g/L

126. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Endosulfan (11) dec 04 0.0015g/L

127. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Endosulfan (11) feb 05 0.0015g/L

128. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Endosulfan (11) mar 05 0.0015g/L

129. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Endosulfan (11) apr 05 0.0015g/L

130. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Endosulfan (11) sep 05 0.0015g/L

131. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Endosulfan (11) dec 05 0.0015g/L

132. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Endosulfan (11) jan 06 0.0015g/L

133. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Endosulfan (11) feb 06 0.0015g/L

134. Goulburn Murray Water Pyramid Boort Irrigation Area West Boort Channel 5. Endosulfan (11) feb 06 0.0015g/L

135. Goulburn Murray Water Torrumbarry Irrigation Area Kerang Town Channel 14/2. Endosulfan (13) sep 05 0.0015g/L

136. Goulburn Murray Water Murray Valley Irrigation Area (Katamatite) Channel 7/3 Endosulfan (3) sep 05 0.0007g/L

More Readings (No ADWG levels for these pesticides):

October 2005: Goulburn Murray Water Torrumbarry Irrigation Area Kerang Town Channel 14/2. Bifenthrin 100g/L, Esfenvalerate 65g/L, Taufluvalinate 75g/L.

October 1998: Goulburn Valley Water: Unidentified pesticide peaks Mooroopna Offtake - Goulburn River

Acrolein Southern Rural Water No ADWG or WHO guidelines for Acrolein. 9/11/05 Heyfield intermittent town supply 10.55 0.003ppm (3ppb) 9/11/05 Heyfield intermittent town supply 11.20 2.978ppm (2978ppb) 9/11/05 Heyfield intermittent town supply 11.40 2.825ppm (2825ppb) 9/11/05 Heyfield intermittent town supply 12.00 2.334ppm (2334ppb) 9/11/05 Heyfield intermittent town supply 14.00 0.427ppm (427ppb)

Australian Drinking Water Guidelines

Table 10.11 Guideline values for pesticides

Pesticide Guideline Value a (mg/L) Health Value b (mg/L)
Acephate   0.01
Aldicarb 0.001 0.001
Aldrin c (and dieldrin) 0.00001 0.0003
Ametryn 0.005 0.05
Amitrole c 0.001 0.01
Asulam   0.05
Atrazine c 0.0001 0.04
Azinphos-methyl 0.002 0.003
Benomyl   0.1
Bentazone   0.03
Bioresmethrin   0.1
Bromacil 0.01 0.3
Bromophos-ethyl   0.01
Bromoxynil   0.03
Carbaryl 0.005 0.03
Carbendazim   0.1
Carbofuran 0.005 0.01
Carbophenothion   0.0005
Carboxin 0.002 0.3
Chlordane c 0.00001 0.001
Chlorfenvinphos   0.005
Chlorothalonil 0.0001 0.03
Chloroxuron   0.01
Chlorpyrifos c   0.01
Chlorosulfuron   0.1
Clopyralid c 1 1
2,4-D c 0.0001 0.03
DDT c 0.00006 0.02
Diazinon 0.001 0.003
Dicamba   0.1
Dichlobenil   0.01
Dichlorvos 0.001 0.001
Diclofop-methyl   0.005
Dicofol   0.003
Dieldrin c (see aldrin) 0.00001 0.0003
Difenzoquat   0.1
Dimethoate   0.05
Diphenamid 0.002 0.3
Diquat c 0.0005 0.005
Disulfoton 0.001 0.003
Diuron c   0.03
DPA (2,2-DPA)   0.5
EDB 0.001 0.001
Endosulfan c 0.00005 0.03
Endothal 0.01 0.1
EPTC 0.001 0.03
Ethion   0.003
Ethoprophos 0.001 0.001
Etridiazole 0.0001 0.1
Fenamiphos   0.0003
Fenarimol 0.001 0.03
Fenchlorphos   0.03
Fenitrothion   0.01
Fenoprop   0.01
Fensulfothion 0.01 0.01
Fenvalerate   0.05
Flamprop-methyl   0.003
Fluometuron   0.05
Formothion   0.05
Fosamine c   0.03
Glyphosate 0.01 1
Heptachlor c (including its epoxide) 0.00005 0.0003
Hexaflurate   0.03
Hexazinone c 0.002 0.3
Lindane c 0.00005 0.02
Maldison   0.05
Methidathion   0.03
Methiocarb 0.005 0.005
Methomyl 0.005 0.03
Methoxychlor 0.0002 0.3
Metolachlor 0.002 0.3
Metribuzin 0.001 0.05
Metsulfuron-methyl   0.03
Mevinphos 0.005 0.005
Molinate c 0.0005 0.005
Monocrotophos   0.001
Napropamide 0.001 1
Nitralin   0.5
Norflurazon 0.002 0.05
Oryzalin   0.3
Oxamyl 0.005 0.1
Paraquat c 0.001 0.03
Parathion   0.01
Parathion methyl 0.0003 0.1
Pebulate 0.0005 0.03
Pendimethalin   0.3
Pentachlorophenol 0.00001 0.01
Permethrin 0.001 0.1
Picloram c   0.3
Piperonyl butoxide   0.1
Pirimicarb   0.005
Pirimiphos-ethyl   0.0005
Pirimiphos-methyl   0.05
Profenofos   0.0003
Promecarb   0.03
Propachlor 0.001 0.05
Propanil 0.0001 0.5
Propargite   0.05
Propazine 0.0005 0.05
Propiconazole c 0.0001 0.1
Propyzamide 0.002 0.3
Pyrazophos   0.03
Quintozene   0.03
Simazine 0.0005 0.02
Sulprofos   0.01
Silvex (see Fenoprop)    
2,4,5-T 0.00005 0.1
Temephos c 0.3 0.3
Terbacil 0.01 0.03
Terbufos 0.0005 0.0005
Terbutryn 0.001 0.3
Tetrachlorvinphos 0.002 0.1
Thiobencarb   0.03
Thiometon   0.003
Thiophanate   0.005
Thiram   0.003
Triadimefon 0.1 0.002
Trichlorfon   0.005
Triclopyr c   0.01
Trifluralin 0.0001 0.05
Vernolate 0.0005 0.03

a - These are generally based on the analytical limit of determination (the level at which the pesticide can be relianbly detected using practicable, readily available and validated analytical methods). If a pesticide is detected at or above this value the source should be identified and action taken to prevent further contamination

b - Based on 10% of acceptable daily intake (ADI).

c - These pesticides have either been detected on occasions in Australian drinking water or their likely use would indicate that they may be occasionally be detected.

Note: Routine monitoring for pesticides is not required unless potential exists for contamination of water supplies.

Past studies

Pilot Survey of pesticide levels in water and sediments of streams in agricultural catchments

Publication No:142 March 1982 Water Quality Branch Environment Protection Authority, 240 Victoria Parade, East Melbourne 3002

The map below shows approximate testing locations in the above study.

Site No.

Name

Sampling Location

1 Myers Creek

St. Leonards (Toolangi) Roadbridge

DDE detected; 18/6/80 0.01ug/L, 17/7/80 0.004ug/L, 17/9/80 0.007ug/L, 23/12/80 0.02ug/L.

DDT detected; 17/7/80 0.01ug/L, 23/12/80 0.03ug/L.

Dieldrin detected; 17/7/80 0.01ug/L, 29/10/80 0.02ug/L, 12/11/80 0.03ug/L.

Lindane detected; 29/10/80 0.02ug/L

Sediment analysis.

DDE detected; 30/7/80 0.01ug/L, 23/12/80 0.01ug/L, 15/5/81 0.05ug/L

TDE detected; 23/12/80 0.01ug/L

DDT detected; 23/12/80 0.01ug/L

Dieldrin detected 15/5/81 0.02ug/L

 

2 Woori Yallock Creek

Warburton Highway Roadbridge

Dieldrin detected; 17/7/80 0.02ug/L, 17/7/80 0.02ug/L, 30/7/80 0.03ug/L, 29/10/80 0.02ug/L, 12/11/80 0.03ug/L, 26/11/80 0.02ug/L, 23/12/80 0.01ug/L, 4/2/81 0.03ug/L

2,4,5-T detected; 4/3/81 0.08ug/L

Sediment analysis.

DDE detected; 30/7/80 0.03ug/L, 23/12/80 0.01ug/L, 15/5/81 0.05ug/L

TDE detected; 30/7/80 0.02ug/L, 23/12/80 0.01ug/L, 15/5/81 0.02ug/L

DDT detected; 30/7/80 0.02ug/L, 23/12/80 0.01ug/L, 15/5/81 0.04ug/L

Dieldrin detected; 30/7/80 0.01ug/L, 23/12/80 0.02ug/L, 15/5/81 0.08ug/L

3 Wandin Yallock Creek

Old Gippsland Roadbridge, Melways 119 K8

DDE detected; 2/7/80 0.01ug/L, 17/7/80 0.004ug/L.

DDT detected; 17/7/80 0.01ug/L.

Dieldrin detected; 17/7/80 0.02ug/L, 30/7/80 0.03ug/L, 17/9/80 0.01ug/L, 29/10/80 0.03ug/L, 23/12/80 0.01ug/L, 4/2/81 0.01ug/L

Lindane detected; 17/7/80 0.03ug/L, 30/7/80 0.02ug/L, 27/8/80 0.01ug/L, 17/9/80 0.02ug/L, 1/10/80 0.008ug/L, 15/10/80 0.01ug/L, 26/11/80 0.04ug/L

2,4-D detected; 10/12/80 0.7ug/L

2,4,5-T detected; 29/10/80 1.1ug/L, 4/3/81 0.32ug/L

Organophosphorus peaks? identifed 2/7/80, 27/8/80, 18/2/81

Sediment analysis.

DDE detected; 30/7/80 0.03ug/L, 23/12/80 0.03ug/L, 15/5/81 0.01ug/L

TDE detected; 30/7/80 0.02ug/L, 23/12/80 0.01ug/L

DDT detected; 30/7/80 0.04ug/L, 23/12/80 0.01ug/L

Dieldrin detected; 30/7/80 0.02ug/L, 23/12/80 0.02ug/L, 15/5/81 0.05ug/L

4 Wandin Yallock Creek (upstream site 3)

Queens Roadbridge, Melways 121 K2

TDE detected; 17/7/80 0.009ug/L

DDE detected; 2/7/80 0.01ug/L, 17/7/80 0.009ug/L, 17/9/80 0.01ug/L.

DDT detected; 2/7/80 0.02ug/L, 17/7/80 0.03ug/L.

Dieldrin detected; 2/7/80 0.03ug/L, 17/7/80 0.03ug/L, 30/7/80 0.03ug/L, 12/11/80 0.03ug/L

Lindane detected; 17/7/80 0.05ug/L, 30/7/80 0.03ug/L, 27/8/80 0.02ug/L, 17/9/80 0.02ug/L, 15/10/80 0.02ug/L, 26/11/80 0.08ug/L

2,4,5-T detected; 10/12/80 1.3ug/L

Sediment analysis.

DDE detected; 23/12/80 0.02ug/L, 15/5/81 0.02ug/L

TDE detected; 23/12/80 0.02ug/L

DDT detected; 23/12/80 0.04ug/L

Dieldrin detected; 23/12/80 0.01ug/L, 15/5/81 0.02ug/L

5 Stringybark Creek

McKillops Roadbridge, Melways 120 J2

TDE detected; 15/10/80 0.03ug/L

DDE detected; 18/6/80 0.01ug/L, 2/7/80 0.01ug/L, 17/7/80 0.002ug/L, 17/9/80 0.01ug/L, 15/10/80 0.02ug/L

DDT detected; 18/6/80 0.02ug/L, 2/7/80 0.04ug/L, 17/7/80 0.007ug/L, 15/10/80 0.08ug/L

Dieldrin detected; 2/7/80 0.02ug/L, 17/7/80 0.01ug/L, 26/11/80 0.02ug/L, 23/12/80 0.02ug/L

Sediment analysis.

DDE detected; 30/7/80 0.05ug/L, 23/12/80 0.03ug/L, 15/5/81 0.03ug/L

TDE detected; 30/7/80 0.07ug/L, 23/12/80 0.03ug/L, 15/5/81 0.02ug/L

DDT detected; 30/7/80 0.08ug/L, 23/12/80 0.06ug/L, 15/5/81 0.04ug/L

Dieldrin detected; 23/12/80 0.01ug/L, 15/5/81 0.04ug/L

6 Olinda Creek

Off York Road, Melways 120 A3

DDE detected; 2/7/80 0.01ug/L

Dieldrin detected; 17/7/80 0.01ug/L, 26/11/80 0.02ug/L, 23/12/80 0.01ug/L

2,4,5-T detected; 10/12/80 0.5ug/L

Organophosphorus peaks? identifed 10/12/80, 21/1/81

Sediment analysis.

DDE detected; 30/7/80 0.04ug/L, 23/12/80 0.01ug/L, 15/5/81 0.02ug/L

TDE detected; 30/7/80 0.01ug/L, 23/12/80 0.01ug/L

DDT detected; 30/7/80 0.03ug/L, 23/12/80 0.01ug/L

Dieldrin detected; 15/5/81 0.04ug/L

7 Yarra River

Below Yering Gorge, Melways 172 C1

DDE detected; 2/7/80 0.01ug/L

DDT detected; 2/7/80 0.01ug/L, 17/7/80 0.007ug/L

Dieldrin detected; 29/10/80 0.02ug/L, 26/11/80 0.02ug/L

Lindane detected; 1/10/80 0.002ug/L

2,4-D detected; 13/8/80 1.1ug/L.

Malathion detected; 26/11/80 2.6ug/L

Sediment analysis.

DDE detected; 30/7/80 0.02ug/L, 23/12/80 0.01ug/L, 15/5/81 0.02ug/L

Dieldrin detected; 23/12/81 0.01ug/L, 15/5/81 0.01ug/L

Pilot Survey of pesticide levels in water and sediments of streams in agricultural catchments (Werribee & Little River Catchments)

Publication No:142 March 1982 Water Quality Branch Environment Protection Authority, 240 Victoria Parade, East Melbourne 3002

The map below shows approximate testing locations in the above study.

Werribee- Little River Sediment Analysis

Site No.
Detected Pesticide
Pesticide analysis ug/L
Detection Limit
1. Werribee Irrigation District, Drain 5 Outfall
TDE
1400
10
DDT
10
10
2. Mouth at Werribee River South Jetty
Below Detection
3. Werribee River Estuary at Piers Road Jetty
Below Detection
4. Little River Estuary below MMBW Farm discharge point
DDE
10
10
5. Little River Geelong Road Bridge
Not Sampled
6. Werribee River Downstream of Lerderderg Confluence
DDT
6700
10
DDE
500
10
TDE
5500
10
7. Werribee River Woolpack Road
DDE
10
10
8. Lerderderg River
DDE
10
10

 

Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in Water & Sediments from the Ovens and King Rivers, North East Victoria, Australia

F. McKenzie-Smith, D. Tiller, D. Allen EPA Victoria, State Chemistry Laboratory

Published in Arch. Environ Contam. Toxicol. 26, 483-490 (1994)

p485 "Residues of dieldrin and total DDT (DDT and its metabolites DDE and DDD) were detected in sediment samples at all sites...No other organochlorines were detected." "Dieldrin was found at levels considerably lower than TDDT but in the same order of magnitude"

Site 1: Just down from junction of Buckland and Ovens Rivers - downstream of Porepunkah. Sediments: Site one had the lowest mean concentration of TDDT (6.3 ng/g). The maximum dieldrin concentration (42 ng/g) was measured at site 1 (mean 6 ng/g)

Site 2: Ovens River upstream of Myrtleford. Sediments: "Site two had the highest mean concentration of TDDT (31.9 ng/g)" Sites 2 and 4 averaged 5ng/g dieldrin. Seastar Samples: Site two had the highest concentrations of TDDT (maximum 1.4ng/L, mean 1.27ng/L) measured in a sample from an area of slow current flow. The highest dieldrin concentrations were also measured at site 2 (maximum 1.21ng/l in the fast current area, mean 0.98ng/L). Storm event: There were detectable levels of TDDT and dieldrin residues in all water samples collected from both sites during the storm event.At site 2, between 6 and 16h, the mean concentration of TDDT was 5.0 ng/L. An anomalous high concentration (342 ng/L TDDT) was detected at 8hr. Notably this was the only water sample which contained metabolic residues of DDT.Dieldrin was detected only once at site 2 at 10h.

Site two: Concentrations of DDD, DDE, DDT, total DDT, and dieldrin residues (ng/L) in water and Seastar samples during flow event.

Time(h) DDD DDE DDT Dieldrin
2 NA NA NA NA
4 NA NA NA NA
6 ND ND 6.1 ND
8 ND 2.0 340 ND
Seastar ND 1.4 1.99 1.09
Seastar 1.97 2.37 26.22 0.45
10 ND ND 3.0 ND
12 ND ND 2.2 1.8
14 ND ND 1.9 ND
16 ND ND 5.1 ND
Seastar NA NA NA NA
Seastar 0.42 ND 5.61 0.36
18 NA NA NA NA
20 NA NA NA NA
22 NA NA NA NA
24 NA NA NA NA
Seastar NA NA NA NA
Seastar ND NA 22.38 0.70
26 NA NA NA NA
28 NA NA NA NA
30 NA NA NA NA
32 NA NA NA NA
Seastar NA NA NA NA
Seastar ND NA 2.05 NA

Site 3: Downstream of Myrtleford & Buffalo River on Ovens River. Sediments: The mean concentration of TDDT residues at site three was 24 ng/g. Sites 3 and 5 averaged 3 ng/g dieldrin. Seastar samples: Sites three and four had mean TDDT concentrations of 0.95ng/L and 0.73ng/L respectively. Sites 3 and 4 had similar dieldrin concentrations with means of 0.77ng/l and 0.60ng/l. respectively. Storm event: There were detectable levels of TDDT and dieldrin residues in all water samples collected from both sites during the storm event.The maximum residue concentration measured at site 3 was 16ng/l of DDT in one sample at 6h. The mean concentration of TDDT residues (8.6 ng/l) detected in the first 16h of the storm event at site 3, was higher than in the latter 16h (6.0ng/L). At site 3, dieldrin was detected in each sample in the first 12h of sampling.

Time(h) DDD DDE DDT Dieldrin
2 ND ND 5.3 1.0
4 ND ND 4.0 2.3
6 ND ND 16 2.4
8 ND ND 11 1.6
Seastar 0.4 0.46 6.69 1.92
Seastar 2.86 5.2 50.79 2.01
10 ND ND 14 2.3
12 ND ND 2.2 1.0
14 ND ND 13 ND
16 ND ND 3.1 ND
Seastar ND 0.35 2.16 1.81
Seastar ND 0.83 8.35 2.66
18 ND ND 12 ND
20 ND ND 6.1 ND
22 ND ND 3.7 ND
24 ND ND 4.0 ND
Seastar ND 0.3 1.38 1.86
Seastar ND 0.15 2.11 1.44
26 ND ND 3.8 ND
28 ND ND 3.0 ND
30 ND ND 11 ND
32 ND ND 4.4 ND
Seastar ND ND 1.67 1.3
Seastar ND NA 2.22 0.89

NA=not available. ND-not detected.

Site 4: Upstream of Edi on the King River. Sediments: The mean concentration of TDDT residues at site four was 25ng/g. Sites 2 and 4 averaged 5ng/g dieldrin. Seastar samples: Sites three and four had mean TDDT concentrations of 0.95ng/L and 0.73ng/L respectively. Sites 3 and 4 had similar dieldrin concentrations with means of 0.77ng/l and 0.60ng/l. respectively.

Site 5: Downstream of Cheshunt on the King River. Sediments: Sites 3 and 5 averaged 3 ng/g dieldrin.

Biocide Contamination in the Aquatic Environment. A study of the Ovens and King Rivers Region. EPA Scientific Series SRS 90/004

p15 Biocide Residue Concentrations in Seastar XAD-2 Resin Columns and Suspended Solids Residue (SS) (ngl-1)

  Ovens XAD-2 River SS (ORS) Total King River XAD-2 River SS (Edi) Total
Total DDT 0.4 2.3 2.8 0.7 0.7 1.3
Dieldrin 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.5
Total Volume pumped (l)   120     170  

No other organochlorine residues were detected. Organophosphate and synthetic pyrethroids not detected

Sediments

DDT and its metabolites were detected in all sites except at Smoko on the Ovens River and at Myrrhee on Boggy Creek. Endosulfan was detected at Lower River Road.

Dieldrin were not detected at any of the site. The levels of total DDT residue observed in this study are similar to the range observed in the Ovens and King Rivers in 1984

Biocide Residue Concentrations in Sediments Collected from the Ovens and King Rivers 1984 (ug kg-1)

Site
Total DDT
Dieldrin
Ovens River
German Town
5
ND
Porepunkah
8
5
Myrtleford
70
T
Gapstead
10
T
Tarrawingee
17
ND
Wangaratta
5
ND
King River
Edi
85
10

Source Fitzpatrick and Sutherland 1984. T=Trace. Detection Limit 5ug/ kg-1

p19 Storm event

"There were no organophosphate or pyrethroid residues detected in any of the water samples collected during the storm event. Organochlorine residues were detected in several samples"

Biocide concentrations in waters of the Ovens and King Rivers during a storm event on 21-22 March 1989 (ng l-1). (For each site figures are totals for the entire sampling period).

Site/sampling time DDT Dieldrin Aldrin Lindane Heptachlor
Ovens R ORS*          
21/3/89          
0940-1300 10 ND ND ND ND
1340-1620 ND ND ND ND ND
1700-2020 ND ND ND ND ND
2100-          
22/3/89          
-0020 3800 ND ND ND ND
0100-0420 ND ND ND ND ND
0500-0820 ND ND ND ND ND
LRR 21/3/89 10 20 10 ND ND
Buckland River Porepunkah          
22/3/89 ND ND ND ND ND
King River Edi*          
21/3/89          
1020-1340 ND ND ND ND ND
1420-1740 ND 7 ND ND ND
1900-2200 ND ND ND ND ND
2300-          
22/3/89          
-0220 ND 20 ND ND ND
0300-0620 ND 70 ND 10 80
0700-1020 ND 20 10 9 60
Cheshunt South 22/3/89 ND ND ND ND ND
Boggy Creek Myrrhee          
22/3/89 ND ND ND ND ND

p22 "The total DDT residue concentrations of 3800 ng l-1 measured at the Ovens River research station, was above the threshold values of the EPA criteria and World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines for safe drinking water and was well above the criterion for ecosystem protection. This level of total DDT was as high as the maximum concentrations measured in other intensively sprayed agricultural catchments (Fitzpatrick and Sutherland 1983, Fitzpatrick et al in prep, Thoma 1988).

Dieldrin was detected in samples from both the Ovens and King Rivers. The concentrations at Edi approached and on one occasion exceeded the values for WHO safe drinking water guidelines.."

 

Horticultural Pesticides in residues in water. Research report No.146 Department Agriculture November 1993.

Location of sampling sites, Mitchell Valley.

Surface and groundwater analyses, Mitchell Valley, 1992 - (please note that Site 1 is approximately the location of the offtake to the water supplies of several towns in East Gippsland).

Site Source Atrazine ug/L
1 river (u) 0.02
2 river (d) ND
3 bore (g/v) ND
4 bore (g) ND
5 lagoon (v) 0.02
6 lagoon (v) ND
7 lagoon (g) 0.04

Surface and groundwater analyses, Mitchell Valley 1993 - ug/L

Site
Source
Atrazine in Water
Endosulfan in Water (a)

Endosulfan in Water(b)

Endosulfan (a) mg/kg Sediment
Endosulfan (b) mg/kg Sediment
Endosulfan SO4 mg/kg Sediment
Chlorpyrifos
1
river (u)
ND
0.01
0.014
ND
ND
ND
ND
2
river (d)
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
3
bore (g/v)
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
-
4
bore (g)
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
-
5
lagoon (v)
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
6
lagoon (v)
0.18
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
7
lagoon (g)
0.21
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
8
bore (v)
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
-
9
bore (v)
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
-
10
lagoon (v)
0.026
0.026
0.012
ND
ND
ND
0.07
11
lagoon (v)
0.035
0.035
0.014
0.021
0.061
0.015
ND

- not assayed, ND not detected, (g) grazing property, (v) vegetable property, (u) upstream from horticultural area, (d) downstream from horticultural area.

Horticultural pesticide residues in water. A survey of pesticide residues conducted in Gippsland Victoria, 1994 Agriculture Victoria, Research Report Series No. 146 Feb 1995

Surface and groundwater analyses, Gippsland 1994 - Pesticides Detected ug/L

For image above: A=atrazine, M= Metribuzin, L=Lindane, D=Diuron, S=Simazine, Me=Methamidophos, D-Dieldrin, D*=DDT/DDE/DDD, E=Endosulfan, C=Chlorpyrifos, Di=Dimethoate

detections below ug/L

ND=not detected, (u) or (d)=upstream or downstream of horticultural areas. E*=Endosulfan

Area Sample Type No. Atrazine Metribuzin Simazine Diuron Linuron E* a E* b E* SO4 Dieldrin DDT DDE DDD Chlorpyrifos Meth-amidophos Dimethoate
Rosebud stream (d) 1 ND ND ND ND ND             ND ND
stream 2 0.22 0.28 ND ND ND             ND ND
bore 3 ND 0.13 ND ND 0.41             ND ND
Koo-wee-rup drain (u) 4 0.64 ND ND 4.80 ND             ND ND
drain (d) 5 0.24 ND 0.43 0.30 ND             0.12 ND
drain 6 0.74 0.07 1.40 0.52 ND             ND ND
bore 7 ND ND ND ND ND             ND ND
bore 8 ND ND ND ND ND             ND ND
Thorpdale stream (u) 9 ND ND ND                 ND ND
stream (d) 10 ND ND ND                 ND ND
stream 11 ND ND ND                 ND ND
stream 12 ND ND ND                 ND ND
Orbost stream (u) 13 ND ND ND     ND ND ND ND ND     ND
stream (d) 14 ND ND ND     0.005 ND ND 0.009 ND     ND
drain 15 [1.90] [0.47] ND ND     ND ND ND 0.005 ND [ND] ND   ND
drain 16 [4.90] 0.82 ND ND     ND ND ND ND ND     ND
bore 17 0.06 ND ND                    
Bairnsdale stream (u) 18 ND ND ND     ND ND ND 0.02 0.017     ND
stream (d) 19 ND ND ND     ND ND ND 0.005 ND     ND
stream 20 [0.14] 0.80 0.25 0.61     ND ND ND 0.005 ND     ND
stream 21 [3.20] 0.83 0.15 ND     ND [0.004] ND [0.004] [0.016] 0.031 0.006 ND [ND] 0.002   [0.12]

Results

p9 "Samples of surface water collected in February following heavy rainfall were very turbid.

Pesticide residues were detected in samples from four areas" Rosebud, Koo-wee-rup, Orbost and Bairnsdale. No pesticides were detected in samples from the Thorpdale area. With the exception of bromacil, all pesticides were detected. The concentrations of pesticides measured were generally below the ANZECC or USEPA environmental guidelines for fresh waters.

Most detections were in surface water samples although pesticides were detected in groundwater from the Rosebud and Orbost districts. Metribuzin and linuron were detected in groundwater from Rosebud (site 3) while atrazine was detected in groundwater from Orbost (site 17). The concentrations of the pesticides detected in these groundwater samples were below the ANZECC and USEPA environmental guidelines.

In surface water samples, the concentrations of pesticides exceeded guidelines at Orbost (site 16) and Bairnsdale (site 21). Atrazine exceeded USEPA guidelines at both sites when samples were collected after heavy rainfall. Chlorpyrifos exceeded the ANZECC guidelines at site 21 when sampled at the end of the summer spraying season in March.

Endosulfan also exceeded the ANZECC guidelines at site 21. The total endosulfan concentration (a, b and SO4) exceeded guidelines after heavy rainfall in February and in March. In February, the endosulfan detected was entirely in the sulfate form. In March, the both isomers and the sulfate form were detected.

The Orbost and Bairnsdale samples were also screened for organochlorines other than endosulfan. Dieldrin was detected in the Snowy River downstream from the horticultural area. Both dieldrin and DDT were detected in the Mitchell River upstream from the horticultural area. All detections of dieldrin and DDT exceeded the ANZECC guidelines for freshwater."

Approximate locations for positive organochlorine pesticides conducted during various studies 1982-1994

 

 

foe draft